PEACE, JUSTICE AND STRONG INSTITUTIONS

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Among the institutions most affected by corruption are the judiciary and police. Corruption, bribery, theft and tax evasion cost some US $1.26 trillion for developing countries per year; this amount of money could be used to lift those who are living on less than $1.25 a day above $1.25 for at least six years

The proportion of prisoners held in detention without sentencing has remained almost constant in the last decade, at 31 percent of all prisoners.

Birth registration has occurred for 73 per cent of children under 5, but only 46 percent of Sub- Saharan Africa have had their births registered. Approximately 28.5 million primary school age who are out of school live in conflict-affected areas.

The rule of law and development have a significant interrelation and are mutually reinforcing, making it essential for sustainable development at the national and international level.

Violence against children affects more than 1 billion children around the world and costs societies up to US$ 7 trillion a year. 50 per cent of the world’s children experience violence every year. Every 7 minutes, somewhere in the world, a child is killed by violence 1 in 10 children is sexually abused before the age of 18.

The number of people fleeing war, persecution and conflict exceeded 70 million in 2018, the highest level recorded by the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) in almost 70 years. In 2019, the United Nations tracked 357 killings and 30 enforced disappearances of human rights defenders, journalists and trade unionists in 47 countries.

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